Ray Bradbury 


The following memorial was composed by Professor Jonathan Eller after Bradbury's death in 2012. 

Ray Bradbury was a child of the Midwest, a small-town dreamer who was determined to become a writer from the age of twelve. He realized these dreams in Los Angeles, where his parents found a new life in 1934, the fifth year of the Great Depression. Ray turned fourteen that summer, and went on to graduate from Los Angeles High School in 1938. But the core of his education came from library books; he would spend his long life celebrating the written word, and safeguarding the books and libraries that define our humanity and our values.

He hated intolerance, and those who deny the existence of intolerance. He was not afraid to write about and condemn the evils of prejudice and racial inequality at a time when such stories were hard to publish in America. In 1953, his stories about societies that destroy the precious gifts of imagination and creativity by destroying books culminated in Fahrenheit 451, a modern classic that, more than any other novel, has come to symbolize the importance of preserving literacy and literature in an age dominated by multi-media entertainment.

Ray Bradbury’s enduring early story collections and novels, often transcending genre boundaries, have remained in print for more than half a century. Aldous Huxley called him a prose poet, recognizing his rich metaphorical language and lyric style. Four generations of school children have read his stories; many of today’s astronauts and scientists first turned their eyes to the skies after reading The Martian Chronicles and such stories as “R Is for Rocket” and “The Golden Apples of the Sun.”

All his life, Ray Bradbury firmly believed that Humanity is destined to reach the stars. He would often tell students that his job was “to find the metaphor that explains the Space Age, and along the way to write stories.” Above all, he celebrated the celestial grandeur of the Cosmos, and called us all to consider our place in it. In June 2000, he urged Caltech’s graduating class “to witness, to celebrate, and to be part of this universe . . . you’re here one time, you’re not coming back. And you owe, don’t you? You owe back for the gift of life.”

Partial Bibliography

Listed in order of publication. Publishers omitted due to frequent reissuing. Single-story books are omitted.
Source:  The Life of Fiction (The Kent State University Press, 2004).

 Novels and Story Collections

  • Dark Carnival (1947)
    First Edition Cover, Dark Carnival
  • The Martian Chronicles (1950)
  • The Silver Locusts (1950)
  • The Illustrated Man (1951)
  • Fahrenheit 451 (1953)
  • The Golden Apples of the Sun (1953)
  • Switch on the Night (1955)
  • The October Country (1955)
  • Dandelion Wine (1957)
  • A Medicine for Melancholy (1959)
  • The Day It Rained Forever (1959)
  • The Day It Rained Forever (1959)
  • R Is for Rocket (1962)
  • Something Wicked This Way Comes (1962)
  • The Small Assassin (1962)
  • The Machineries of Joy (1964)
  • The Vintage Bradbury (1965)
  • S Is for Space (1966)
  • Twice 22 (1966)
  • I Sing the Body Electric! (1969)
  • Six Masterpieces of Tomorrow (1969)
  • The Halloween Tree (1972)
  • Ray Bradbury (1975)
  • Long After Midnight (1976)
    First Edition Cover, The October Country
  • The Best of Bradbury (1976)
  • The Best of Ray Bradbury (1977)
  • The Mummies of Guanajuato (1978)
  • To Sing Strange Songs (1979)
  • The Stories of Ray Bradbury (1980)
  • Dinosaur Tales (1983)
  • A Memory of Murder (1984)
  • Death is a Lonely Business (1985)
  • Ray Bradbury (1987)
  • The Toynbee Convector (1988)
  • A Graveyard for Lunatics (1990)
  • Classic Stories 1  (1990)
  • Classic Stories 2  (1990)
  • Green Shadows, White Whale (1992)
  • Quicker Than the Eye (1996)
  • Driving Blind (1997)
  • The Golden Apples of the Sun and Other Stories (1997)
  • A Medicine for Melancholy and Other Stories (1998)
  • Ahmed and the Oblivion Machines (1998)
  • I Sing the Body Electric and Other Stories (1998)
  • From the Dust Returned (2001)
  • Let’s All Kill Constance (2002)
  • One More for the Road (2002)
  • Bradbury Stories (2003) 


  • The Ghosts of Forever (1981)


  • The Anthem Sprinters and Other Antics (1963)
  • The Day It Rained Forever—A Comedy in One Act (1966)
  • The Pedestrian—A Fantasy in One Act (1966)
  • The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit and Other Plays (1972)
  • Pillar of Fire and Other Plays (1975)
  • The Martian Chronicles (1986)
  • The Flying Machine (1986)
  • The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit (1986)
  • Kaleidoscope (1986)
  • A Device Out of Time (1986)
  • Fahrenheit 451 (1986)
  • Dandelion Wine (1988)
  • To the Chicago Abyss (1988)
  • The Veldt (1988)
  • Falling Upward (1989)
  • The Day It Rained Forever (1990)
  • Ray Bradbury on Stage (1991)


  • Forever and the Earth (1984)


1920 • 1930 • 1940 • 1950 • 1960 • 1970 • 1980 • 1990 • 2000 • 2010


Ray Douglas Bradbury born August 22, 1920, in Waukegan, Illinois, the third child of Esther Moberg Bradbury and Leonard Bradbury. Twin boys were born four years earlier, but one, Samuel, died at age two. Leonard Jr. (known as “Skip”) survived.



In February (age three), taken by mother to see Lon Chaney in The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Learns about radio from his paternal grand- father. 


Given 1st book of fairy tales, Once Upon a Time, by his aunt Neva Brad- bury for Christmas. Parents help him learn to read from the newspaper comics. Grandfather shows him pictures of the 1892 and 1903 world’s fairs


Sees Lon Chaney’s Phantom of the Opera with his mother and again with his brother, Skip. Grandfather Bradbury dies, and Aunt Neva starts reading Ray the Oz books by L. Frank Baum. Begins 1st grade in Waukegan, but father moves family to Roswell, New Mexico, then to Tucson, Arizona, looking for work. 


Ray’s sister, Elizabeth Jane Bradbury, is born in Tucson. Family moves back to Waukegan in May. A young cousin almost drowns in Lake Michigan; he uses this incident much later in “The Lake.” 


Ray’s baby sister, Elizabeth, dies of pneumonia in February. Sick in bed with whooping cough, Ray misses three months of school during the fall term. Aunt Neva reads him Edgar Allan Poe’s works. Discovers Amazing Stories Quarterly, one of the earliest science fiction pulps. Is terrified of crossing local ravine and uses this fear later in “The Night” and “The Whole Town’s Sleeping,” stories later novelized within Dandelion Wine.


Discovers the romances of Edgar Rice Burroughs and begins to read Burroughs’s John Carter of Mars series. 


Given a book on magic for his eleventh birthday; attends local performances by Blackstone the Magician several times between 1928 and 1931. Performs his own magic act for various service clubs and lodges and on Christmas Eve at the Veterans of Foreign Wars Hall. 


 Begins to read Jules Verne. Father loses his job with the telephone company and moves family back to Tucson. Receives toy dial typewriter for Christmas. Attempts a sequel to a John Carter of Mars novel. Reads Sunday comics to kids on a local radio station in Tucson. 


 Father moves family back to Waukegan in the spring. Ray reads borrowed copies of Wonder Stories and Amazing Stories. Attends the Century of Progress Exposition (the Chicago World’s Fair) that summer with his parents and again with his aunt Neva; he is fascinated by “The City of the Future” and the dinosaurs of the “Sinclair Prehistoric Exhibit.” 


 Favorite uncle Inar Moberg moves to California. Years later Ray would write a story in which he gave his uncle wings and makes him a vampire. His father, again out of work, drives family to Los Angeles. Ray attends Berendo Junior High. 


In September, Ray enters Los Angeles High School. 


Joins drama club and determines to be an actor. Starts—but never finishes—his 1st novel. Poem “In Memory of Will Rogers” printed in Waukegan News-Sun. Two teachers, Jennet Johnson and Snow Longley Housh, encourage his creative development. He would later acknowledge their influence in his dedication to Something Wicked is Way Comes (1962). 


Buys 1st real typewriter for $10. In early October, joins the Los Angeles Science Fiction League (LASFL). 


In January, his 1st amateur story, “Hollerbochen’s Dilemma,” is printed in the LASFL chapter’s fan magazine (fanzine), Imagination! Poem “Truck Driver A er Midnight” appears in citywide anthology Morning Song. Contributes reviews and commentary to Blue and White Daily, the Los Angeles High School student newspaper. Graduates in June; starts selling newspapers in September from a street corner newsstand. 


Launches his own fanzine, Futuria Fantasia, which will run for four issues. Attends the 1st World Science Fiction Convention in New York. 
Takes Hannes Bok’s art portfolio with him and wins Bok his 1st com- mission from Weird Tales. Reads Hemingway, Steinbeck, Wolfe, and other American novelists. 


Sees Disney’s Fantasia multiple times. Moves with family to downtown Los Angeles. Receives advice from Robert A. Heinlein. Publishes “It’s Not the Heat, It’s the Hu—” in the November 2 issue of the nonpaying but professional Script magazine; this is his 1st professional story publication. Active in amateur productions of Laraine Day’s Wilshire Players Guild. 


First professional story sale, “The Pendulum,” written with Henry Hasse, appears in the November issue of Super Science Stories. His 1st agent, Julius Schwartz, negotiates this sale and two more before the end of the year. 


Spends many Sundays at Muscle Beach with Leigh Brackett, critiquing and revising stories. Publishes “The Candle” in Weird Tales. Moves with family to Venice Beach. Quits selling newspapers. 


Poor vision keeps him out of military service. Three major stories appear: “The Wind” and “The Crowd” in Weird Tales and “King of the Gray Spaces” in Famous Fantastic Mysteries.


Places detective stories in Detective Tales, New Detective, and Dime Mystery. Writes second half of Leigh Brackett’s novella “Lorelei of the Red Mist” while she coauthors screenplay of The Big Sleep for director Howard Hawks. Undertakes extensive readings of contemporary American and British fiction writers. 


First anthology sale, “The Lake,” appears in Who Knocks. Sells “The Big Black and White Game” to American Mercury. Three major market magazine sales enable him to travel in Mexico with close friend Grant Beach. is trip results in the classic story “The Next in Line.” 


Meets future wife Marguerite “Maggie” McClure at Fowler’s Book Shop, where she clerks. Fi1st Martian Chronicles story, “The Million year Picnic,” appears in Planet Stories. “The Big Black and White Game” selected for Best American Short Stories 1946. Meets future agent Don Congdon. 


Bradbury’s radio play “The Meadow” broadcast on World Security Work- shop and selected for Best One-Act Plays 1947–48. His as-yet-unpublished story “Riabouchinska” adapted and broadcast on the CBS radio dramatic series Suspense. Marries Maggie McClure. His story “Homecoming” is selected for O. Henry Award: Prize Stories 1947. First story collection, Dark Carnival, published. Don Congdon becomes his agent. 


Wins third place in O. Henry Award: Prize Stories 1948 with “Power House.” “I See you Never” in Best American Short Stories 1948. Dark Carnival reprinted (abridged) in Great Britain. 


Trip to New York. Meets Walter Bradbury at Doubleday. They conceive the idea for The Martian Chronicles. Applies (unsuccessfully) for Guggenheim grant with a novel concept, The Masks. First daughter Susan born. Named Best Author of Science Fiction 1949 by the National Fantasy Fan Federation. 


The Martian Chronicles published in May. Now publishing regularly in major market magazines. Receives significant review from Christopher Isherwood in Tomorrow for The Martian Chronicles.


“The Fireman” published as a novella in February issue of Galaxy; he will later revise and expand it into Fahrenheit 451.The Illustrated Man is published, his second book from Doubleday. Second daughter, Ramona, born. Major interview for New York Times Book Review published in August. 


First book on Ray Bradbury, The Ray Bradbury Review, edited by William F. Nolan. Guest of honor at Westercon 5 in San Diego; becomes president of the newly formed Science Fantasy Writers of America. “The Other Foot” published in Best American Short Stories 1952. Edits Timeless Stories for Today and Tomorrow for Bantam. The Illustrated Man is runner-up for the International Fantasy Award. 


In March The Golden Apples of the Sun published by Doubleday. Writes a critical piece on science citation for The Nation. John Huston asks Bradbury to write the Moby Dick screenplay in late August; they spend the next eight months in Ireland and London as Bradbury prepares the script. His 1st novel, Fahrenheit 451, is published by Ballantine Books. “The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms” and an original screen treatment, It Came From Outer Space, made into films. 


Wins annual gold medal from Commonwealth Club of California for Fahrenheit 451. Wins Benjamin Franklin magazine award for best short story, “Sun and Shadow.” Wins National Institute of Arts and Letters literature award for Fahrenheit 451. Bradbury and his family return from Europe in June. 


Pantheon publishes Switch on the Night, his 1st children’s book, in March. Fi1st textbook appearance in The Informal Reader with “There Will Come So Rains.” Third daughter, Bettina, born. The October Country released in October from Ballantine Books. “Shopping for Death” picked for Best Detective Stories of the Year.


Wins Boys Club of America Award for Switch on the Night. Edits the Bantam anthology The Circus of Dr. Lao and Other Improbable Stories. Writes “Happy Birthday 2115 A.D.,” an unproduced operetta, for Elsa Lanchester and Charles Laughton. John Huston’s production of Moby Dick, filmed from Bradbury’s screenplay, released as a feature lm by Warner Brothers. 


In London for the summer. Writes screenplay of “And the Rock Cried Out” for Carol Reed. September sees release of Dandelion Wine from Doubleday. His father dies at age sixty-six in October. 


In April, receives a 1957 Society of Midland Authors award for Dandelion Wine as runner-up to Jessamyn West’s To See the Dreams. Represented in Best American Short Stories with “The Day It Rained Forever.” Fourth daughter, Alexandra, born. The Bradburys move on Thanksgiving Day to Cheviot Hills. 


A Medicine for Melancholy released in February by Doubleday. The British edition published with modified contents as The Day It Rained Forever.


First professional stage play, The Meadow, produced at the Huntington Hartford eater in Hollywood. Life article published in October, “A Serious Search for Weird Worlds.” 


In January wins appellate court ruling against CBS television for a 1957 Playhouse 90 plagiarism of Fahrenheit 451. Cofounds the Writer’s Guild Film Society with Arthur Knight. Writes the voice-over narrative for MGM’s King of Kings (uncredited). 


Major teleplay, “The Jail,” appears on Alcoa Premier in February. His script for “The Jail” is nominated by the Writer’s Guild of America for the Television and Radio Writers Award in the category of Television Anthology Drama. In the fall, Life publishes his article “Cry the Cosmos.” Simon & Schuster publishes Bradbury’s long-awaited novel, Something Wicked is Way Comes. R Is for Rocket, a compilation of Bradbury stories for young readers, published by Doubleday. 


Receives Academy Award nomination for the 1962 animated short lm, Icarus Montgolfier Wright, adapted from his story; George Clayton John- son and illustrator Joseph Mugnaini share the nomination. Film wins Golden Eagle Award from the Council on International Non-Theatrical Events (CINE). In October, Dial publishes Bradbury’s dramatic adaptations of his own Irish stories as The Anthem Sprinters and Other Antics.


His “American Journey” narrative opens at the U.S. Pavilion of the World’s Fair in New york. Produces his own plays in Los Angeles asThe World of Ray Bradbury. Receives the Peter Pan Award from the 
Department of Pediatrics, Cedars-Sinai Hospital. Simon & Schuster publishes Bradbury’s short story collection The Machineries of Joy. 


Life publishes his fictional tribute to Hemingway in January. He produces his play The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit in Los Angeles. “The Other Foot” selected for Best American Short Stories 1915–1965.The Vintage Bradbury released by Vintage Books, Random House. Ballantine publishes The Autumn People, the 1st of two mass-market paperbacks featuring the early 1950s EC Comics graphic adaptations of Bradbury stories. Receives the 1st of two Ann Radcliff Awards for contributions to Gothic Literature from the Count Dracula Society, precursor to the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Films. The World of Ray Bradbury has a short New York run at the Orpheum Theatre. 


François Truffaut’s Fahrenheit 451 distributed by Universal as a major lm. S Is for Space, a companion collection to R Is for Rocket, published by Doubleday. Ballantine publishes Tomorrow Midnight, the second of two mass-market paperbacks featuring the early 1950s EC Comics graphic adaptations of Bradbury stories. Bradbury’s mother dies at age seventy-eight in Los Angeles in November. 


Musical production of Dandelion Wine opens at Lincoln Center in April. Life publishes “An Impatient Gulliver above Our Roofs.” 


Wins Aviation Space Writers Association’s Robert Ball Memorial Award for “An Impatient Gulliver above Our Roofs.” Leviathan ’99 produced and broadcast as a radio play by the BBC in London. Named president of the Chamber Symphony Society of California in June. August sees his final essay for Life, “Any Friend of Trains Is a Friend of Mine.” 


The Illustrated Man distributed as a major lm by Warner Brothers / Seven Arts. I Sing the Body Electric! released by Knopf in October. His Christus Apollo performed at UCLA with Charlton Heston as narrator.


Works as part of WED (Disney Imagineering think tank) on Robot Factory exhibits. “Mars Is Heaven!” (“The Third Expedition,” 1948) selected for the 1st volume of Doubleday’s Science Fiction Hall of Fame anthology. 


Apollo 15 crew names a lunar impact feature Dandelion Crater in honor of Bradbury. Participates in a panel discussion, “Mars and the Mind of Man,” at California Institute of Technology. “The Poems” (1945) receives the Seiun Award for best foreign short story at the Japanese Science Fiction Convention. Receives his second Ann Radcliff Award for contributions to Gothic Literature from the Count Dracula Society. 


The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit and Other Plays published by Bantam. Feature lm Picasso Summer, based on his story “In a Season of Calm 
Weather,” released by Warner Brothers / Seven Arts. “The Blue Bottle” (“Death Wish,” 1950) receives the Seiun Award for best foreign short story at the Japanese Science Fiction Convention. The Halloween Tree, a novel for young adults, published by Knopf. 


 First poetry book, When Elephants Last in the Dooryard Bloomed, re- leased by Knopf. “The Black Ferris” (1948) receives the Seiun Award for best foreign short story at the Japanese Science Fiction Convention. 


Receives Valentine Davies Career Award from the Writer’s Guild of America, West, for contributions to motion picture screenwriting. Records Bradbury Reads Bradbury with the Listening Library for high school use. 


Pillar of Fire and Other Plays published by Bantam in October. 


Fahrenheit 451 (as read by Bradbury) nominated for Best Spoken Word Recording by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Long After Midnight published by Knopf (his 1st collection in seven years). Receives 1st Life Achievement nomination (for 1975) from the jurors of the World Fantasy Awards. 


Selected as the Life Achievement Award winner (for 1976) by jurors of the World Fantasy Awards. Receives California Association of Teachers of English Writer of the year Award. Knopf publishes second book of verse, Where Robot Mice and Robot Men Run Round in Robot Towns.


First nomination for the Gandalf Grand Master of Fantasy Award (for 1977), an honor sponsored by the annual Hugo Awards competition. Abrams publishes The Mummies of Guanajuato, a book of photos built around Bradbury’s classic story “The Next in Line.” 


Second nomination for the Gandalf Grand Master of Fantasy Award (for 1978). Receives an honorary doctorate from Whittier College. Hosts the ABC hour-long special broadcast Infinite Space: Beyond Apollo.


Selected as the Gandalf Grand Master of Fantasy Award winner (for 1979) on his third nomination. Receives Space Medicine Award for “Medicine for the Twenty- 1st Century” from NASA. Knopf releases the hundred-story collection The Stories of Ray Bradbury in October. 


Receives performance award from the Mental Health Association of Los Angeles for his contributions. His third collection of verse, The Haunted Computer and the Android Ape, published by Knopf. 


Perfection Form releases a series of his short stories in booklet format for schools. 


Dinosaur Tales published by Bantam. Something Wicked is Way Comes released by Disney. Bradbury’s screenplay receives the Saturn Award for Writing from the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Films. 


Receives “Key to the City” from Waukegan, Illinois. Novels of Ray Bradbury published by Granada in Great Britain. Dell releases a col- lection of Bradbury’s early detective stories as A Memory of Murder. Fahrenheit 451 receives Prometheus Award for best Hall of Fame Classic Fiction from the Libertarian Futurist Society; co-winner is George Orwell’s 1984.


In its 1st season, The Ray Bradbury eater receives an ACE (Award for Cable Excellence); by its final season (1993) the series would earn a total of ten ACE nominations and net six wins, as well as two Emmy nominations. Fi1st mystery novel, Death Is a Lonely Business, published by Knopf in October. Receives the Body of Work Award for lifetime achievement from the writer’s group PEN USA. 


Guest of honor at World Science Fiction Convention. Dramatic Publishing releases a series of Bradbury’s plays for theatrical use. 


St. Martin’s publishes Bradbury’s story Fever Dream as a children’s glow- in-the-dark edition. 


Knopf releases his 1st story collection in nine years, The Toynbee Convector.


Named a Grand Master by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America for his lifetime achievement in these fields. Joshua Odell Editions publishes Zen in the Art of Writing in March. The Toynbee Convector nominated for a 1988 Bram Stoker Award by the Horror Writer’s Association. 


Portion of the yeoman Creek ravine near Bradbury’s childhood home in Waukegan, Illinois, named the Ray Bradbury section of Powell Park. Receives the Turner Tomorrow Award. Knopf publishes his second mystery novel, A Graveyard for Lunatics.


Ray Bradbury on Stage, a compilation of his published stage plays, re- leased by Donald I. Fine. Yestermorrow! (an essay collection) published by Joshua Odell Editions. 


Green Shadows, White Whale, a novelization of his Irish stories and his 1953 to 1954 experiences in Ireland writing the screenplay for Moby Dick under John Huston’s direction, published by Knopf. Society for the Study of Midwestern Literature presents the Mark Twain Award to Bradbury for his distinguished contributions to Midwestern literature. The Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America establish The Ray Bradbury Award for excellence in screenwriting. Spacewatch project astronomers at Kit Peak observatory name a newly discovered asteroid, 9766 Bradbury, in honor of the author. Television documentary Ray Bradbury: An American Icon airs, with narration by Academy Award–winning actor and Bradbury friend Rod Steiger. 


Bradbury’s feature-length animated teleplay of his 1972 novel, The Halloween Tree, is aired October 20, 1993, on the Turner Broadcasting Channel; subsequently released by Hanna-Barbera on video. Bradbury shares a Cable ACE award for The Ray Bradbury eater as Best Dramatic Series; this is the last of ten ACE nominations (and six wins) for the Bradbury series. 


Wins an Emmy for his animated screenplay adaptation of The Halloween Tree.


Named Los Angeles Citizen of the year for his contributions to city planning. 


Receives honorary doctorate of Humane Letters from California Lutheran University. Nominated for the Fi1st Fandom Hall of Fame Award, a Hugo ceremony honor recognizing original fans from the days of the 1st World Science Fiction Convention of 1939. Avon Books releases Quicker an the Eye (a story collection) in November. Los Angeles names a room in its main library for Ray Bradbury. 


Driving Blind (story collection) released in September by Avon. 


His second children’s picture book, Ahmed and the Oblivion Machines, published by Avon. Driving Blind is nominated for a World Fantasy Award. 


Bradbury receives the George Pal Memorial Award from the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Films. The British edition of Driving Blind (published in 1998) nominated for a British Fantasy Award. Brad- bury inducted (along with Robert Silverberg and posthumous inductees A. Merritt and Jules Verne) into the Science Fiction Hall of Fame. 


Awarded the National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters on November 15. In honor of this award, Morrow, now publisher of Avon Books, publishes A Celebration of Ray Bradbury. 


The World Horror Convention names Bradbury a Grand Master. July sees publication of A Chapbook for Burnt-Out Priests, Rabbis, and Ministers (Cemetery Dance), a collection of Bradbury’s speculative writings on the cosmos and faith. From the Dust Returned, a novelized story cycle started more than y years earlier, published by Morrow. Ray Bradbury, His Life and Work printed by Book-of-the-Month Club in conjunction with its rerelease of four major Bradbury classics. Mayor James Hahn of Los Angeles proclaims Ray Bradbury Day for Friday, December 14. 


From the Dust Returned nominated for a Bram Stoker Award for best Horror novel; it is also nominated for a World Fantasy Award. One More for the Road (a story collection) published in March by Morrow. Fahrenheit 451 becomes the “One Book, One City” selection for Los Angeles; other cities eventually select Fahrenheit 451 for subsequent reading programs. Recognized for his contributions to lm with the 2,193rd star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in April. 


One More for the Road receives the Bram Stoker Award for best citation collection. Bradbury Stories, his second hundred-story compilation, published by Morrow. Maggie Bradbury passes away in November. His third mystery novel, Let’s All Kill Constance! published by Morrow in December. 


It Came From Outer Space, a documentary edition of his four screen treatments for this lm, published by Gauntlet Press. The 62nd World Science Fiction Convention awards Fahrenheit 451 the Retro-Hugo as best novel y years after its 1953 publication; other nominations in this category include period novels by Arthur C. Clarke, Isaac Asimov, and Theodore Sturgeon. The Cat’s Pajamas, a story collection with a cover illustration by Bradbury, published by Morrow. Receives the National Medal of Arts from President Bush on November 17. 


Ray’s older brother, Skip, passes away in March. Bradbury Speaks, a col- lection of articles and essays, published in July by Morrow. Maggie Re- membered, a tribute from Bradbury to his late wife, published by Hill House. A four-text archival edition of The Halloween Tree published by Gauntlet Press. 


The National Endowment for the Arts selects Fahrenheit 451 for “The Big Read” national reading program. The Homecoming published as a children’s book, illustrated by Dave McKean for Collins Design. Fare- well Summer, the original novel from which Dandelion Wine was extracted, published by Morrow. 


Match to Flame, the historical collection of Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 precursors and related stories, published by Gauntlet Press. Bradbury receives the French Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Commandeur) Medal. Now and Forever, a pairing of the short novels Somewhere a Band Is Playing and Leviathan ’99, published by Morrow. The Center for Ray Bradbury Studies opens at Indiana University, Indianapolis. On April 16, Bradbury is awarded a Pulitzer Prize special citation for his “prolific and deeply in influential” career. 


Bradbury named Grand Master Poet at the Rhysling Awards for science fiction and fantasy verse. Receives the 1st J. Lloyd Eaton Award for Lifetime Achievement in Science Fiction, from the University of 
California, Riverside. Masks, a gathering of materials from an unpublished novel of the late 1940s, published by Gauntlet Press. Moby Dick: A Screenplay published by Subterranean Press from his submitted 1954 script of the John Huston film. The Center for Ray Bradbury Studies begins publication of The New Ray Bradbury Review. Story collection We’ll Always Have Paris published by Morrow in December. 


Hill & Wang releases a graphic novel adaptation of Fahrenheit 451. Brad- bury receives an honorary doctorate from Columbia College, Chicago. 


Receives ComicCon Icon Award during the Scream Awards, celebrating the history of horror, science fiction, and fantasy feature films; ceremonies aired October 19 on SPIKE TV. Bradbury’s ninetieth birthday celebrated in and around Los Angeles through various events coordinated by writer Steven Paul Leiva; Los Angeles City Council passes a resolution declaring August 22–28 to be Ray Bradbury Week. 


Hill & Wang releases a graphic novel adaptation of Something Wicked is Way Comes.


William Morrow publishes the Bradbury tribute volume Shadow Show, with stories by a wide range of contemporary writers. “Take Me Home,” a short essay, published in a special science fiction issue of the New Yorker. Bradbury dies on June 5 at Cedars Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory and NASA name the Mars rover Curiosity’s landing zone after Bradbury on what would have been his ninety- second birthday, August 22. A Los Angeles City Council resolution re- names the land across from the Los Angeles Central Library (at 5th Street and Flower Avenue) as Ray Bradbury Square. 


Publication of Nolan on Bradbury, a collection of writer and friend William F. Nolan’s publications on Bradbury spanning six decades. Dedication of the Palms-Rancho Park Branch of the Los Angeles Public Library to Ray Bradbury, September 23, hosted by Steven Paul Leiva. Dedicatory speakers included Harlan Ellison, George Clayton Johnson, and Susan Bradbury Nixon. 


Nominated posthumously on the April shortlist by World Science Fiction Convention voters for the 1939 Retro-Hugo Awards in the categories of Best Short Story for 1938 (“Hollerbochen’s Dilemma”) and Best Fan Writer; announced as the winner in the Best Fan Writer category, August 14, in London. Accepted on behalf of the Bradbury family and Don Congdon Associates by Anna Carmichael, Abner Stein Agency. 


Founding of the Ray Bradbury Waukegan Carnegie Library, Inc., in Waukegan, Illinois, an initiative dedicated to restoring Bradbury’s child- hood hometown Carnegie library building in his honor; articles of in- corporation led April 20. 


Nominated posthumously on the April shortlist by World Science Fiction Convention voters for the 1941 Retro-Hugo Awards in the categories of Best Fanzine and Best Fan Writer for 1940; announced as the winner in both categories; August 18, in Kansas City. Accepted on behalf of the Bradbury Family and Don Congdon Associates by the Center for Ray Bradbury Studies director. 


Donn Albright, principal Bradbury bibliographer; Jonathan R. Eller, Bradbury interviews, 1998–2012, and Becoming Ray Bradbury and Ray Bradbury Unbound (Champagne, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2011 and 2014); Jonathan R. Eller and William F. Touponce, Ray Bradbury:The Life of Fiction (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2004); The Locus Index to SF Awards (; Phil Nichols, Ray Bradbury (; William F. Nolan, The Ray Bradbury Companion (Detroit: Gale, 1975); David Mogen, Ray Bradbury (Boston: Twayne, 1986); Harry Warner, Jr., A Wealth of Fable, expanded edition (Van Nuys, CA: SCIFI Press, 1992); Sam Weller, The Bradbury Chronicles (New york: Morrow, 2005).